Laws and Regulations

Constitution of the National Body on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (NBCRC) in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Based on the Proposal No. 89/02/4593 of 9 January 2011 made by the Ministry of Justice and with reference to Article 138 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran and for the purpose of realization of the provisions of Approval No. 43855T/205847 of 10 January 2010, the Cabinet, in its session on 4 January 2012, approved the Constitution on the National Body on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (NBCRC) in the Islamic Republic of Iran as follows:

Article 1- Definitions- for the purposes of this Constitution:
a) "child" means all persons under 18 years of age
b) "executive body" means bodies referred to in Article (5) of the Civil Services Management Act approved in 2007
c) "non-governmental organizations and institutions" means all legally established grassroots and non-governmental organizations and institutions advocating for the rights of child
d) "monitoring" means ongoing examination of the situation of the society in terms of observance of child rights
e) "NBCRC" means National Body on the Convention on the Rights of the Child established by virtue of Ministry of Justice's Approval No. H43855T/205847 of 10 January 2010
f) "Head of NBCRC" means Minister of Justice
g) "Coordinating Council" means the Coordinating Council of NBCRC referred to under Article 4 of this Constitution

Article 2- Powers and duties of NBCRC are as follows:
a) Formulate plans and programs to advocate for child rights and respecting the child's personality
b) Perform monitoring and evaluation of observance of child rights at national level
c) Offer consultation with respect to laws, regulations, practices and plans regarding child rights to executive bodies and non-governmental organizations and institutions
d) Propose amendments to existing laws and regulations and prepare drafts of legal bills to be submitted to the Coordinating Council
e) Prepare the national report on child rights in collaboration and partnership with other relevant bodies and submit the same to domestic and international , the latter via Foreign Ministry after approval thereof by the Coordinating Council
f) Prepare reports on cases of violation of child rights and submit the same to competent domestic authorities in accordance with relevant laws and regulations after approval thereof by the Coordinating Council
g) Conduct studies on child rights in collaboration with scientific institutes
h) Prepare annual and case reports and submit the same to heads of the three branches of the government and the Office of the Supreme Leader after approval thereof by the Coordinating Council
i) Regularly disseminate information/knowledge and raise public awareness on issues related to child rights in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting and other mass media
j) Coordinate exchange of scientific and research data with domestic and international institutes with respect to child rights
k) Work with international organizations and institutes to advocate for child rights in collaboration with relevant authorities via Foreign Ministry

Article 3- Secretariat of NBCRC shall be established in the Ministry of Justice in accordance with relevant laws and regulations.
Note- Secretary of NBCRC, who shall also act as the Secretary of the Coordinating Council, shall be appointed by the head of NBCRC from among consultants or deputies of the head of NBCRC who are experts in the field of child rights.

Article 4- In order to enhance coordination among relevant executive bodies and seek their opinions on the implementation of the provisions of this Constitution, the Coordinating Council shall be made up of:
a) Head of NBCRC acting as the head of the Coordinating Council
b) Secretary of NBCRC acting as the secretary of the Coordinating Council
c) An attorney-at-law with at least 5 years of theoretical and practical experience related to child rights or human rights recommended by Central Bar Association or Center of Licensed Justice Ministry Consultants appointed by the head of NBCRC for a 3-year term
d) 3 representatives from NGOs working in the field of child rights or human rights elected for a 3-year term
e) A clergy familiar with child rights recommended by management council of Qom Islamic Seminary
f) Representatives from the following institutions proposed by a decree of a minister or the highest ranking official, as the case may be:
1. Ministry of Education
2. Ministry of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare
3. Ministry of Health and Medical Education
4. Ministry of Science, Research and Technology
5. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
6. Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance
7. Ministry of Interior
8. Ministry of Intelligence
9. Ministry of Sports and Youth
10. President Deputy Strategic Planning and Control
11. Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting
12. State Welfare Organization
13. Center for Women and Family Affairs
14. Disciplinary Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran
15. State Prisons and Security and Corrective Measures Organization
16. Municipality (proposed by Periodic Assembly of Mayors)
Note 1- the head of the Council shall notify approvals and submit annual and case reports of the Coordinating Council to the heads of the three branches of the government and the Office of the Supreme Leader and other relevant authorities.
Note2- the Head of NBCRC may invite representatives from Judiciary and members of the parliamentary Judicial and Legal Affairs Committee, Health Committee and Social Affairs Committee to attend the Coordinating Council without voting right.
Note3- every 3 year, in May, after an invitation by the Secretariat of NBCRC, a meeting shall be held, attended by representatives from registered NGOs working in the field of child rights or human rights with at least 5 years of experience with a quorum of half members plus one where 3 representatives from three non-governmental organization shall be elected as members of the Coordinating Council.
Note4- three months prior to the termination of membership of members referred to in Paragraphs (c) and (d), necessary measures shall be taken to elect new members. Current members shall hold office until their successors are elected and qualified. Incumbent members shall only be reelected once.

Article 5- The NBCRC may, depending on the case, invite experienced experts in the field of child rights to attend the meetings of the Council or related working groups and seek their opinion without voting right.

Article 6- The following is among the powers and duties of the Coordinating Council:
a) Formulate strategies to promote child rights and set annual priorities of NBCRC
b) Approve the mission statement, policies and executive programs to promote child rights
c) Examine proposals on amendment of laws and regulations and drafts of bills for submission thereof to relevant authorities
d) Examine and approve the national report on child rights to be submitted to authorized domestic and international authorities in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution
e) Examine the report on the violation of child rights
f) Examine and approve annual and case reports of NBCRC to be submitted to relevant authorities
g) Approve the formation of ad hoc and temporary working groups as proposed by the head of NBCRC
h) Propose the annual budget to the head of NBCRC for inclusion thereof in the annual budget bill under the credits for the Ministry of Justice
i) Approve Constitutions related to the Coordinating Council's proceedings

Article 7- The Coordinating Council shall have regular meetings every 2 months. Special meetings of the Council shall be held by decision of the head of the Council or written request of 5 members of the Council. The quorum of such meetings shall be two thirds of the members. Decisions made by the Council shall be valid by a vote of simple majority of the attending members.

Article 8- Secretary of the Coordinating Council shall be in charge of the administrative and executive affairs of NBCRC and work under supervision of the head. Powers and duties of the Secretariat are as follows:
a) Handle administrative and executive affairs of the Council
b) Prepare invitations, agendas, and minutes of the meetings and notify approvals of the Coordinating Council to relevant organizations and ensure effective implementationof the approvals
c) Make written plans for the meetings of specialized working groups
d) Propose to the head of NBCRC on members of delegations to regional and international meetings
e) Prepare reports on child rights for submission thereof to the Coordinating Council
f) Collect reports made by delegations attending international meetings and prepare a data bank of such reports
g) Prepare statements and reports for submission thereof to international and other relevant meetings
h) Interact and collaborate with researchers and scientific and research centers on subjects related to child rights
i) Develop a website on child rights and administrative affairs of NBCRC and the Coordinating Council
j) Perform other tasks set by NBCRC and the Coordinating Council

Article 9- The NBCRC shall have at least 4 permanent working groups working in the following fields:
a) Monitoring and evaluation
b) Legal and Judicial
c) Education and Information Dissemination
d) Support and Coordination
Note1- the Head of NBCRC shall, based on the provisions of this Constitution, propose members, responsibilities of members and the workings of these working groups for approval thereof by the Coordinating Council.
Note2- the NBCRC may, in particular cases, if necessary, form ad hoc and temporary working groups proposed by the head of NBCRC and approved by the Coordinating Council.
Note 3- each working group may, depending on the case, hire public or private experienced experts in the fields required. Hiring foreign experts in accordance with relevant laws and regulations shall be authorized.

Article 10- The Monitoring and Evaluation working group shall arrange to visit executive bodies and monitor and evaluate the observance of child rights by such bodies and prepare reports on the same for submission thereof to the Coordinating Council. It shall also conduct monitoring and evaluation of the performance of non-governmental organizations and institutes upon their request or consent.
Note- TheMonitoring and Evaluation working group shall develop a website and text messaging system to receive public reports on the observance of child rights and shall inform the public of its address.

Article 11- The Legal and Judicial working group shall,if required, after conducting necessary studies and examining reports and judicial and administrative practices, prepare drafts for amendment of existing laws and regulations for submission thereof to the Coordinating Council.
Article 12- The Education and Information Dissemination working group shall, if required, take necessary actions and make necessary coordination for education and promotion of child rights at all levels through formulating plans and programs aimed at raising awareness among children, parents, officials working in executive bodies and relevant non-governmental organizations and submit the same to the Coordinating Council for implementation.
Article 13- The Support and Coordination working group shall, if required, for the purpose of realization of maximum observance of the rights and interests of children in society and in line with provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the local needs and conditions, develop strategies to promote coordination among executive bodies and non-governmental organizations and institutes working in the field of child rights and submit to the Coordinating Council proposals for formulation and implementation of programs for promotion of child rights and protecting children.

Mohammad Reza Rahimi
First Vice-President




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