Introduction

A glimpse of National Authority in charge of the Convention against Corruption

The United Nations Convention against Corruption, drafted and adopted in 2003, is the first comprehensive international treaty which specifically focuses on the fight against corruption.
Prior to the passage of the convention in question, a number of regional treaties (in Europe, America and Africa) had been drawn up and ratified on certain aspects of corruption such as bribery, but the Convention against Corruption, which has 71 articles, takes into account all aspects and stages of the fight against corruption, namely: preventive measures, criminalization and law enforcement, extradition of those convicted of corruption, judicial assistance in investigating and collecting evidence, asset recovery, and international cooperation in line with the crackdown on corruption.

 

The Islamic Republic of Iran officially joined the United Nations Convention against Corruption on April 9, 2009. Almost a year later, a Cabinet directive (No. 44136/258840) on March 15, 2010, named the Justice Ministry as the National Authority in charge of the Convention against Corruption. The decision put the Ministry of Justice at the forefront of fighting corruption, following up the country’s commitments under the convention and making all the necessary coordination in this field. The responsibility originally stemmed from the status bestowed upon the Ministry of Justice by Article 160 of the Constitution.
As an independent office, the National Authority operates under the direct supervision of the justice minister.

Council of National Authority
The following is how Articles 2 and 3 of the directive on the National Authority and Coordination Body for the United Nations Convention against Corruption identify the National Authority Council:
Article Two: This directive is ratified in line with the implementation of the convention, and the National Authority operates within the framework of the convention and aims to set the stage for the materialization of the objectives of the convention.
Article Three: The responsibilities and powers of the National Authority, in line with related rules and regulations, are as follows:
1. Formulating executive plans and guidelines on the implementation of the provisions of the convention
2. Exchanging information and experiences – on the convention – with competent individuals the convention is about, while observing the country’s expediency and taking account of the guidelines adopted by the National Authority
3. Making coordination between organizations, institutions and individuals the convention is about, and, if needed, contributing to growing interdepartmental cooperation in line with the implementation of the convention
4. Identifying the legislative, executive and judicial shortfalls and requirements, and offering reports and proposals to related authorities
5. Establishing contact with the secretariat of the convention and related groups in coordination with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
6. Taking part in efforts to prepare, formulate and follow up the approval of bilateral or multilateral agreements and MOUs, and contributing to efforts to regulate relations with other governments and international organizations aimed at pursuing international cooperation on the implementation of the convention and optimal utilization of its potential
7. Preparing, regulating and offering review reports – both periodic and case by case – of the Islamic Republic of Iran in cooperation with related agencies
8. Managing and steering the review by the Islamic Republic of Iran of fellow member countries
9. Picking and introducing liaison officer(s) in coordination with related bodies to facilitate effective contact – if needed – between competent authorities, both at home and abroad, within the framework of bilateral agreements or arrangements
10. Assisting executive bodies, non-governmental organizations and the private sector to train and boost their required scientific and practical strength in line with measures to prevent corruption and fight it, and if necessary, provision and exchange of scientific and research-based information
11. Cooperating with related bodies to raise public awareness, among other things, through launching a website
12. Monitoring and constantly following up the implementation of the provisions of the convention and evaluating the [implementation] process
13. Having effective participation in the activities of the assembly of member states and related institutions in coordination with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and in cooperation with other competent institutions at home, follow-up, coordination and supervision of the implementation of the decisions of the assembly within the framework of domestic rules and regulations

Members of the Council of National Authority
The Council of National Authority – which meets to make coordination and give counseling to the Authority’s chair when it comes to referrals – brings together the following:
1. Head of the National Authority (the justice minister) who serves as the chair of the council
2. Secretariat of the National Authority (secretariat of the council)
3. Deputy judiciary chief for legal affairs
4. Deputy judiciary chief for social affairs and prevention
5. Director general of Tehran Province’s Justice Department
6. Director of the Audit Organization of Iran, or one of his deputies
7. Director of the Supreme Audit Court of Iran, or one of his deputies
8. Director of the General Inspection Organization of Iran, or one of his deputies
9. Representatives and plenipotentiaries from:
A – The Intelligence Ministry
B – The Ministry of Foreign Affairs
C – The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance
D – The Interior Ministry
E – The Supreme National Security Council
F – Attorney General’s Office
G – The Central Bank of Iran
H – The judiciary arm that leads the anti-corruption fight
I – The Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting
J – The Law Enforcement Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran
K – Department of Strategic Supervision and Planning at the Presidential Office
L – Department of Human Resources and Management Development at the Presidential Office

A look at the secretary of the National Authority in charge of the Convention against Corruption

Mirhadi ghareseyed roomiani



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