Under Article 160 of the Constitution, the Ministry of Justice coordinates relations between the Judiciary on the one hand, and the Executive and Legislative branches of government on the other. The Islamic Consultative Assembly votes for the justice minister nominated by the Judiciary chief. Article 160 of the Constitution stipulates, “The Minister of Justice owes responsibility in all matters concerning the relationship between the judiciary, on the one hand, and the executive and legislative branches, on the other hand. He will be elected from among the individuals proposed to the President by the head of the judiciary branch. The head of the judiciary may delegate full authority to the Minister of Justice in financial and administrative areas and for employment of personnel other than judges in which case the Minister of Justice shall have the same authority and responsibility as those possessed by the other ministers in their capacity as the highest ranking government executives”.
Thus, the justice minister is the only cabinet minister who needs the blessing of the chiefs of all three government branches. With that being the case, the ninth government made efforts to revive the powers of the Ministry of Justice. The government believed that the ministry can reclaim its rightful place and better serve the establishment and the general public if its role and that of its affiliates are redefined and Article 160 of the Constitution is revived